Celebrate the Whippet Breed

The History Pages from WhippetView

Mrs. G. Rockefeller Dodge Scrapbook Page Seventeen

These pages are dedicated to Mrs. G. Rockefeller Dodge,
former AKC Judge and Whippet admirer. These articles and photos come from
the original scrapbook collection from her estate which is owned by David Howton. These digital photos are the property of David Howton
and Peppi Greco. All rights reserved and any copies of articles should be requested
from the owners of this site.

 

WHIPPETS, Making nearly 17 yeards a second, streak across the finish line at Belmont Park, Long Island, New York

 

WYEMERE WHIPPETS
Mr. and Mrs. G. T. SILK send Season's Greetings to all Whippet lovers at Home and Abroad

Ch. MIGHTY ATOM. FIRST POST WAR CHAMPION
Sire: Tiptree George by Tiptree Jink. Darn : Lovely Rosa of Luss by Ch. Willesblair.

FAWN BRINDLE HEIGHT I8 1/2
Quality Puppies occasionally for sale

One of the greatest Whippets of all time and the sire of quality stock. Fee 5 gns. plus return carriage. Particulars :
GEORGE SILK, 108 HENRY STREET, ASHTED, BIRMINGHAM 7 .'Phone AST. 2251

 

LE WHIPPET
Membres anterieurs. — Plutert longs, bien osseux. Membres posterieurs. — Forts et larges.
Pieds. Ronds, bien fendus, a forte sole.
Queue. — Longue, effilee et bien portee.
Pelage. — Fin et serre, de couleur noire, rouge. blanche, fauve, bleue, et les divers melanges de chaque.
Le Limier (Bloodhound). — C'est toujours une tache ingrate de retracer ou plutot d'essayer de retracer d'une race.terrain et cherche bien, et, si lapin ou lievre se trouve la, de bonne volonte ou non it le pousse vers les filets, et il est bientot dans le sac. Si par hasard ces chiens tuent un lievre en fondant sur lui trop precipitamment, ils le rapportent droit a leur maitre, car le rapport fait partie de Peducation du Lurcher.

Le Whippet. — Beaucoup de personnes ne savent pas qu'i I existe une telle race de chiens. C'est une sorte de petit Levrier avec un peu de sang de Terrier, et on Pemploie aux courses dans quelques contrees du nord de l'Angleterre, telles que le Durham, ou il est le favori des ouvriers. On fait des paris a ces courses, qui ont leurs lois et leurs reglements aussi stricts et justes que sur n'importe quel turf, et je crois pouvoir aller plus loin et dire hardiment que ces pauvres travailleurs et proprietaires de Whippets qui font la course ne sont pas moins honnetes que les lords et les dues qui font courir a Epsom. Et pourquoi n'auraient-ils pas leur petite part de plaisir et de recreation?

Voici la description des points du Whippet tels que les donne M. George Raper : Tete. — Longue et maigre, plutot large entre les yeux et plate au sommet, la machoire forte, les dents de niveau et blanches, les yeux brillants et ardents, les oreilles petites et fines.

 

SUNFLASH

The Winning
Fawn Whippet Dog, Sunflash,
The Property of Messrs. W. & T. Herriott, I, Tees Street, Horden, nr. Sunderland.

 

WATFORD GLORY,
A Noted Whippet Bitch, owned by Mr. W. H. Renwick, of Cardiff.
Photo. : Paviour, Cardiff.

THERE have been few, if any, better Whippets during the past three or four years than WATFORD GLORY, who was bred by her present owner, whelped on March 21, 1906, being by Ch. Manorley Maori ex Mr. Renwick's well-known bitch, Shirley Pride. She is a fawn bitch of beautiful outline and of particularly graceful appearance, and is a true Whippet in build—that is. she is not merely a graceful toy, but a sound, well-built animal who possesses grand running attributes coupled with a prettily moulded form. In ribs, brisket, win, and quarters she is exceedingly good, and her legs and feet defy criticism. She has won numerous firsts and other prizes since March, 1907, when she was first exhibited, a complete list of her winnings all in Whippet cclasses being as follows:—Manchester, first Puppy; Dundee, first Novice; Falkirk, first Open; Blackburn, first Limit; Stretford, first Limit; Ramsbottom, first Limit; Kennel Club, second Novice; Aberdare, second Open; Cruft's, third Limit; Manchester, second Open and first Limit; Pontypridd, first Open; Darlington, first Limit and second Open; Merthyr, second Open; Caerphilly, first Open; Senghenydd, first Open; Ebbw Vale, first Open; Cardiff, first (championship certificate); Kennel Club, first championship and first Limit; Scottish Kennel Club, second Open.

 

SOME OF THE RUNNERS WITH THEIR HANDLERS. (1929)

Photos., Allen Fraser, Burmuda.
THE START.
(See article in other part of this issue.)

 

Tommy, Internationally Known Whippet, Dead (1924)

Fanciers and the Whippet racing fraternity throughout the country will learn with regret of the sudden death of Tommy, the pride of the James Gilligan string of racing Whippets. Tommy was five years old, winner of international handicaps and numerous match races. He succumbed after only a few hours of illness brought about by strain in his daily workout. Tommy was known throughout the world as the fastest and gamest 18-lb. dog running, and his performances were admired by friends and opponents alike. His earnings in two and one-half years' racing on the American turf amounted to seven thousand dollars in cash besides many trophies. Thousands of dollars he has won for his admirers who have bet on him and whom he never disappointed.

James Gilligan, the owner, refused fifteen hundred dollars for him only last fall. We often read about incidents when losing our pets, but nothing so tragic as the finish of the career of this dog, who was entered to run in the American Whippet Derby, but Gilligan preferring to run him in the match race a week later, and retire for stud hereafter, scratched him out of the derby to make the latter event the more interesting. Little he thought that he would retire within that week into eternity.

CH. CONQUISITOR.

The Whippet Champion
Conquisitor
Owned by. Mr. E. SIMONS
20, The Causewayhead, Penzance, Cornwall.
'Phone : Penzance 485.
THE Whippet dog, CH. CONQUISITOR. by Willesberg ex Ch. Tiptree Silver Dream, has that excellent combination of Tiptree and Willesberg blood-lines. He has been seven times best of breed, five times best in show, and has won nine cups and two diplomas, having beaten nine full champions. He is the youngest champion Whippet in the country to-day, winning his last challenge certificate in 1939. He is siring puppies of perfect type. His stud fee to selected bitches is two guineas.

WHIPPETS

Whippet-Racing Has Taken the Country by Storm

IT would not be surprising to hear that heredity had played pranks on the most pious of men by planting an ancient Monte Carlo or Epson "athomeness" in their honest bosoms.

But now there is no reason for such natural tendencies to be denied; for there is spreading over the United States a popular sport from which all the poisonous sting has been extracted. Like coffee substitutes, this sport stimulates, excites and contains all the elements of venture and uncertainty, but has none of the evils of the original form. Whippet racing has taken the country by storm.

The pastime has been revamped to please the working class, the inner ranks of society, the professional sportsman or the country club business-man. It is clean sport and looked upon with approval by men and women.

Who started Whippet-racing? Everybody is aware of the prehistoric beginnings of Greyhound-coursing in Egypt and Persia, and we know what a delight the Greyhound has been to the aristocracy of Turkey, Russia, Italy, France and England. But it was left to the workingman of North England to evolve what has come to be known as "the poor man's race horse." A cross between the small Greyhound and the Wire-haired Terrier resulted in a fleet-footed rabbit chaser. Thelittle dog showed such speed, on being taught straight running, that great care was taken by breeders, and after a few years the Whippet was put on the track. English colliers found Whippet-racng in the clear fresh air a relief after the gas-laden mine, and the excitement of the races an outlet for pent-up emotions. They bestowed all their attention on their dogs and probably kept back their wages from their needy families during the racing seasons.

It would seem as if nothing but good could come from the new, healthful, outdoor form of amusement. But the coal miners were not loathe to take part in fighting matches and drunken brawls, which grew out of the dog races. Bookies were present at all events and did their unscrupulous best (or worst) to influence the competition. Races were framed by "doping" the dogs, by inserting pebbles or thorns between the toes of the racers, or by stationing men at intervals along the track to divert the attention of the dogs by calling their names or throwing obstacles at them.

All these disagreeable scandals of trickery have been abolished by one means or another in the American Whippet race. There remains only one important point, whether it be a poker game or a horse race, one will always demand the privilege of the wager. So in Whippet races, Hollywood and New York alike are betting on the speed of their best little runners, and are getting an innocent thrill from the unusual pastime, which is sanctioned by both Respectability and Chance.

Of course, one cannot simply walk out, buy a hundred dollars' worth of Whippet and expect the demure little animal to do the rest. The Greyhound blood supplies the urge for the dog to race, but it is up to the owner or trainer to bring forth the latent possibilities. At first the dog is teased to reach for a handkerchief and later to run a little distance to reach the goal. He learns that the flash of the handkerchief is a signal which he must obey, and at length be becomes accustomed to the track of the usual two hundred yards. The "starter", holds the Whippet in his arms and gives him a throwing start at the sound of the pistol. "The baiter" waves the handkerchief signal at the far end of the course. The stout-hearted little dog, without. the aid of jockey or any other guide to urge him, puts forth all his strength to reach his trainer, and. needless to say, much depends on the ability of both men, the "baiter" and the "slipper," as well as their control over their charge.

No other animal of the same weight (28 lbs.) can beat the record of the average Whippet, which is two hundred yards in eleven seconds. Freeman Lloyd tells a story of a novel match in England between a pigeon and a Whippet. Both had been trained to cover the distance straight and the pigeon won by two yards.

As racing gains popularity among rich and poor dog fanciers, the importing trade has become livelier. Breeders in this country have helped to link the racing game with show competition. In shows of every section, the graceful, amiable little dog appears and carries off many of the shiniest cups. Especially in California, where the weather is ever reliable and where vacant lots are more easily found than in Florida, especially around sunkist Hollywood, do you see the finest specimens in Whippetdom. They say that the moving picture colony has gone in for dog-racing with greater vengeance than was evident in learning the Charleston. Among the Eastern strongholds of
Whippet boosters are the Rockaway Hunt Club of Cedarhurst, L. I.; also the Cleveland Whippet Club, Cleveland, Ohio; the Grosse Pointe Hunt Club, Detroit, Mich., and the Meadowbrook Club at Westbury; L. I., where the sport was introduced in 1890. Vancouver, British Columbia, is also becoming recognized as a Canadian stronghold for Whippets.

In this age of Persian rugs, automobiles and city apartments, not to mention the servant question, the little Whippet of the satiny coat gives nothing but satisfaction. If you are one of those congenial souls who simply must have a four-footed friend to complete the fullness of this life, you ought to look up the Whippet family. There is an appeal in the gentle-mannered, doe-eyed, staunch-hearted little creatures that is attracting the attention of the whole continent. It is not always wise to follow the changing vogue, but in this instance facts seem to prove that the Whippet vogue wears well and extends into the future as far as the eyes of the prophets can see.

Toledo Whippet Notes

THE members of the Toledo Whippet Club are busy interesting Toledo people in the fleet little canine. Their meet in June was a great success, more publicity being given the races by the papers than has been given the dog shows since they were started. The club has purchased a fine lot of young stock and expect to have a big meet in Toledo early next summer. Harry Conlon, Irish Terrier enthusiast, is president of the club; Edmund Schuster is the secretary.

A new Whippet fan arrived in Toledo June 28 and intends making her home with Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Schuster. She weighed seven pounds and both mother and daughter are doing nicely. Mrs. Schuster spent March and April in the hospital with typhoid fever. Mr. Schuster is secretary of the Toledo Kennel Club and the Toledo Whippet Club.

With the Cleveland Whippeteers

L. O'BRIEN, SEC. CLEVELAND WHIPPET CLUB

3736 AUDABON BLVD., CLEVELAND, OHIO

AT THE annual picnic held under the auspices of the Western Reserve Kennel Club at Mantua, Ohio, Miss Margy O'Brien won first prize in the Whippet handicap with Ballot Girl; second prize went to that coming young dog, Miss Elyria, from the kennels of William and Theobold, Elyria, Ohio.
The picnic was a huge success and the crowds clamored for more Whippet racing.

 

SCISSORS OF ST. CLAIR.
At Stud. Fee 2 Gns.

The St. Clair Kennel of Whippets
Owned by Mr. and Mrs. G. Maine-Tucker,
Westbourne Road, Penarth, Glam.

DURING the last few years there have been few shows where Whippets are catered for where dogs belonging to Mr. and Mrs. G. Maine-Tucker have not been high in the prize money. The success of their kennel has been judicious buying of dogs of the very best blood and from what -I have seen of the young stock the future is bound to be a " rosy " one. Mr. and Mrs. Maine-Tucker have yet to make a dog a champion but as both are so keen I feel sure that is only a question of time. W. LEWIS RENWICK

 

Not identified

 


POPPY Whippets and Miniaiture Smooth Dachshunds (1962)
Owned by
MRS C C MARTIN
The Old Vicarage, Marshfield. Nr Cardiff, Phone Castleton 449

THE South Wales KA championship show is always made more enjoyable for me because it gives me the opportunity to visit the Poppy Whippets and their owner, Mrs Martin. As the leading Whippet kennel in Wales one is assured of seeing some of the best. This season has brought out four more top grade puppies which have collected between them 62 prizes at open and championship shows, under all the leading judges, and nine best puppy awards.

Poppy Pretty Petal.

A lovely bitch, Poppy Pretty Petal, shown here, at 10 months old won four first and the stakes class of 57 entries at Swansea under Mr. Joe Braddon. She is now heavy in whelp to Pot Blue Quest.

Poppy Blue Dolphin is winner of six best puppy in show awards under leading judges. A bitch that immediately catches the eye is Poppy Party Paces, a beautiful fawn puppy who at her first two shows was best puppy in show under Mrs. Jean Hopwood, and at Bristol won a first and the Cup for the best novice Hound, a first and the Cup for the best maiden.

Poppy Star, only adult shown this year, has had a wonderful season winning 29 firsts.

Poppy Blue Quest has just started his show career.

A small select stud of Minature Dachshunds is kept. Particulars of dogs at stud and stock for sale may be had on application. RALPH BLAKE

 

THE FLEETING WHIPPETS
Owned by
Mrs. M. B. Garrish
Wethersell Collage, Winteriord
Nr. Cranleigh. Surrey.
Phone: EWHURST 252

ALTHOUGH recently, Mrs. Garrish has added Italian Greyhounds to her kennel, she does not lose her enthusiasm for her first love, the Whippet, and the beautiful bitch (illustrated here), Fleeting Oldown Snipe, is typical of a line of brindle bitches maintained for many years. Mated to Fleeting Father O'Flynn, she produced one of the best youngsters this kennel ever turned out in Fleeting Falcon, who won a large A.V. puppy class at Worthing first time out when only 6 months old. He was later best puppy in show, all breeds, at Camberley and Esher. In the money at Leicester. Brighton and Richmond championship shows, he then went best of breed at the L.K.A. at 9 1/2 months, under Mrs. Ritchie, of America, beating nine champions —truly a magnificent performance.

FLEETING OLDOWN SNIPE
Photo by Coolie

Among other bitches here is Fleeting Fair Wind, a daughter of Ladiesfield Monsoon and Fleeting Flyfast. Her wins include reserve C.C. at Birmingham in 1956. She has now been retired for breeding and has a nice litter by Fleeting Fellermelad. Another litter bred exactly the same way as Fleeting Falcon and born in August are most promising.

The Italian Greyhound bitch which Mrs. Garrish showed successfully at Cheltenham, Blackpool, Leicester, the L.K.A., Henley, and Camberley (where she was best Toy) is to he bred from in December.

Although the Fleeting Whippets are now comfortably installed in their new home, Mrs. Garrish does not intend to maintain a large kennel and consequently some of the stock bred will be for sale and inquiries should be made direct.—Leo C. WILSON

 

Ch. Blue Goose of Meander
Owned by James A. Farrell, Jr.

 

WHIPPET A lithe Englis dog with Greyhound characteristics and second only to him in speed. Smaller than the Greyhound, around 18 inches high.

 

FAMOUS WHIPPETS
0wned by Mr J. W. CURTIS 2 Musters Road
West Bridgford, NOTTINGHAM

SIR PETER

AS a hobby, a kennel of Whippets is ideal, these loveable dogs providing jolly good sport and companionship. So said Mr Curtis when I called to see his small but select kennel. Curled up in a chair was the superb bitch, Lady Delicia, who can catch "puss" as well as imitate the domestic species. She has already won 6 first and numerous other prizes in open shows. The home-bred dog. Sir Peter, dreamed peacefully on a sofa. Although still a junior, he has won three firsts and 7 seconds in breed and variety classes. He should emulate his sire, Willesbuy, as a stud force. Beside him lay his dam, Willesbruna, also dam of those winning dogs Bitter Sweet of Drumgannon
and Willesblair. Her wins include 2 firsts at Bristol, and 2 seconds and a third at 1934 Cruft's. Her sire was Ch. Sandboy and her dam Ch. Willesblima. She has again been mated to Willesbang and her daughter by Willesbing has visited Tiptree Gold Dust. This union of two cf the finest strains in the breed should realise Mr Curtis' great ambition, to breed a champion.

 

RAGNAROK " Kennels
OF SHOW
Whippets, Labradors, Retrievers & Alsatians

Owned by :
Lieut. H. L. Weibye
Ragnarok, Seafield, Roslin Midlothian
Telephone: Lothianburn 2.

DAUNTLESS DOLORES and WARRIOR KING OF RAGNAROK

LIEUT. WEIBYE in pre-war days owned an extensive kennel of Alsatians and show Whippets in Norway and since he came to Scotland he has done his utmost to popularise show Whippets, and he has met with considerable success. He has purchased Ragnarok which has had quite a long connection with the live stock world, and he has established a strong kennel of Whippets. Both he and his wife are enthusiasts, and are well-known exhibitors at all the Scottish events. The following notes are on the leading inmates. Whippets: Samema Mona Lisa is a handsome Whippet, which has been at nine shows in all, and has secured 38 awards in variety classes, 14 of which are first prizes. She has scored as best puppy, best of breed, best bitch all breeds, and three times was runner-up for best bitch. She has reared a litter by Silver Beige of Luss, they have been named: Birth Mark of Ragnarok, Bring More of R. and Best Make of R. Before this review is published they will have entered the show ring, and undoubtedly they will command attention as they are exceptionally promising. Samema Sweet Song is on similar lines, and has done well in the show ring, winning over 18 prizes under the leading judges. She had a remarkable litter by Sporting Chance. It included the well-known winners: Well Known of R., Warrior King of R., White Knight of R., Wilu Kisme of R., Winter Klad of R. and Why Knot of R.: not a bad record for one litter. Another good bitch is Dauntless Dolores, an exquisite
fawn that has made history North of the Tweed. She was best bitch all breeds at Stirling show, and she won a strong Whippet class at Edinburgh under the expert authority Captain Lewis Renwick. She has reared a charming litter by Tiptree Flare, a handsome fawn and white dog, which has won under Messrs. Tom Scott, Leo. C. Wilson, J. W. Marples, R. Martin, Alex Murray, Major Wright and James Garrow. Lieut. Weibye is now placing him at stud in Scotland at the low fee of 3 gns. Amongst the younger string pride of place must be given to that beautiful bitch Well Known of Ragnarok. 6S he made her debut at Penicuik show when just over six months, when she won first and cup for best Whippet, and was runner-up for best bitch in show. At three shows she has won seven awards. Her last appearance was at Biggar show when she headed a big A.O.V. class. Her outlook is most roseate. Her litter brother, Warrior King of Ragnarok has only been shown twice, and he has won five prizes, once best of breed at six months old, and also best puppy bred by exhibitor. He will be placed at stud in the Spring at a fee of 4 gns.

SAEMA SWEET SONG and WELL KNOW OF RAGNAROK

The yellow Labradors Retrievers have been carefully selected. Poppleton Golden Flash by Poppleton Golden Russet ex Modney Crocus, is a handsome yellow true to type. He has done, some winning, and at his last outing he was best Gundog at Biggar. He is building up a reputation as a sire. His first litter numbered six, and seven in his second. He is now at stud to approved bitches at a fee of 6 gns. The bitch Poppleton Golden Charm is a daughter of the great Ch. Kinpurnie Kam and Poppletoti Golden Gleam. She has only been shown once at Leven show under Mr. John Thaw, when she went through her classes, and finished as best exhibit in show all breeds. These two were selected because of their excellent breeding. There are also several promising yellow puppies which should do well. Lieut. Weibye has decided to again take up Alsatians, and in Norway he purchased at a big figure, the young grey dog Strongheart of Ragnarok a son of Sporfinners Garm and Unni both consistent winners in Norway. The sire and dam of S, Garm are Int. Ch. Benno von Hemelingen Busch and Int. Ch. Boda von Billhof, imported from Germany at a fantastic figure. Strong-heart will be placed at stud in Scotland after he is released from quarantine at a fee of 25 gns. to selected, bitches. Lieut. Weibye is also importing a first-class bitch in whelp. Puppies will be for sale at the beginning of the year.

All puppies from these kennels are kept on long enough to show if they will turn out well. If not up to the high standard demanded they are sold as pets. The policy of the kennels is to produce dogs of first-class quality, and to give all buyers a fair deal, whether they are buying through personal visits or otherwise. Nothing is spared to keep the dogs in perfect condition, and the show reports invariably commend upon their excellent bloom.

Visitors are always welcomed, and dogs. going overseas will pass examination by a championship stud judge before leaving the kennels and his certificate will be sent with the dog. The inmates of the kennels are inspected by a veterinary surgeon every week. J. GARROW.

 

VERONICA HEATH writes of a loyal and affectionate breed
The Whippet

TO many people who are ignorant of the true nature of the breed, the whippet may at first appear a frail, spineless creature. Lean and racy in appearance, the whippet is practically a greyhound in miniature. But it is the graceful long limbs, daintiness of foot and fine smooth coat which have, in fact, endeared him to so many dog-lovers. Hardy, full of vitality and game in sport, the whippet is a life-long companion, unswerving in his loyalty and devotion.
The derivation of the name, whippet, can only be a matter for conjecture. It is clear, however, that the breed has resulted from a thorough mixing of various racing ancestors, probably the principal crosses being the Italian greyhound, Manchester terrier, old English white terrier and the Bedlington. Possibly the term " whippet " was adopted because in sport the dog " whipped-up " the quarry. At one time they were commonly known as " snap-dogs" probably because of their skill in the rapid killing of rabbits and rats and also because, when racing against its fellows, the dog would often turn and snap at the nearest of them.
Until greyhound racing became so popular whippets were widely used for racing in the north. This pastime still flourishes in parts of Lancashire, Yorkshire and Northumberland particularly in the colliery areas. Whippet racing is an extremely exciting affair, both men and dogs enjoying themselves enormously. The dogs strain at their leads as they wait at a given mark (handicaps are given according to weight and previous performances). At a shot from the starter the dogs are away and the owners at the finishing line go wild with excitement waving handkerchiefs and shouting to encourage their charges. Instead of a mechanical hare, the dogs are trained to " run to a rag," that is, the rag held by their owners at the finish. The distance covered in the race is generally 200 yards and they have such a turn of speed that the smartest can cover the distance in rather less than twelve seconds. Speed is of prime importance in the racing whippet, rather than the staying qualities desirable in its counterpart, the greyhound, and to attain the high pitch of muscular training necessary to its achievements the whippet may suffer in shapeliness, for such concentrated training is bound to detract from the beautiful lines of the more perfect specimens of the breed.

Porthurst Cherry Brandy, a fawn and white whippet dog. The whippet, in appearance lean and racy with a smooth glossy coat, is unswerving in its loyalty, and desirous of affection and companionship

At one time the whippet was regarded almost entirely as a working man's companion but to-day the breed is widely acclaimed and enjoys all the status and privileges of a recognised Kennel Club breed. Classes are staged at practically all Championship Shows. Last year 126 whippets were entered at Crufts, making a total of 239 entries. At one time whippet racing was introduced in London but proved a failure and it was the Whippet Club that launched the eventual success of the breed.
One of the chief attributes of this breed is their ability to curl up into a very small space and thus they make delightful travelling companions. In addition, the dog's daintiness of foot and fineness of coat appeals to the ordinary householder as they require the minimum of attention in the way of grooming. Stories of the devotion and courage of the whippet are legend among the breed fanciers and it is amazing the hold these apparently fragile creatures can gain on one's affections. Their looks, in fact, belie their true nature for they are extremely hardy animals and the bitches make good mothers. A kennel of young whippet puppies is a joy to see. They are extremely docile and are desirous of human companionship and affection above all things.
Sensible feeding at regular intervals and daily exercise are all that is required to keep a whippet in first-rate condition. By sensible feeding I do mean adequate rations; it is too easy to feel that this breed can do with less meat than other dogs because of its lean build. Having no surplus fat, however, they are inclined to feel the cold. A daily brushing with a good horsehair brush will pave the way to a satiny coat and will only take five minutes each morning.
Colour is not a binding factor in this breed and consequently there is a very wide range of colour among the champions of to-day. Pure white, black, clear fawn, blue and brindle are all permissible but most breeders have their own preference as to colour and prefer to get their puppies fairly alike in this respect.